GLOSSARY

Spices
Ajwain - Omam
Fenugreek seeds- vendhayam

Cloves - Lavangam
Nutmeg - Jathikkai
Cinnamon - Pattai
Cardamom - Elakkai
Kapok buds - Marati moggu


Lichen or Black stone flower - Kalpasi
 Mace - Jathipathri

 Black Cardamom - Karuppu Elekkai/Kaattu Elakkai
Caraway Seeds Shajeera - Karunjeeragam


Star Anise - Anashipu


Mustard - Kadugu

Fennel - Sombu

Dried Red Chilly - Kainda Milagai
Dried Turmeric - Kainda Manjal
Poppy Seeds - Kasa Kasa


Pepper - Milagu
Cumin seeds   - Jeeragam
Pulses 
Tuar dhal - Thuvaram paruppu
Urad dhal with skin - Karuppu ulundu 


Urad dhal  - Ulutham paruppu
Mung dhal - Payatham paruppu


Bengal gram- kadalai paruppu
Roasted gram- Pottu kadalai or udaitha kadalai
Masoor dal(red lentils) - Sivappu Paasi paruppu

Green gram - pacha payiru


Channa dal -Mookadalai

Field Beans - Mochai

Black beans 


Kidney beans - Rajma


Black eyed beans - Karamani

Cereals
Bansi rava - vellai samba kodumai


Semolina (sooji) - Ravai
Broken wheat - samba kodumai
Sour Products
Tamarind - Puli
Kodam Puli
Sugar Products
Palm sugar - Panai vellam-karupatti

Sillu karupatti


Jaggery - Paagu vellum
Rock candy               - Kalkandu

Light brown sugar

Palm sugar candy - Panangkarkandu

Coconut Sugar

Greens
Indian spinach - Pasalai keerai



Curry leaves              - karuveppilai


Amaranthus               - Mulaikeerai

Mature Amaranth - Thandu Keerai



Pannaikkeerai - Celosia Argentea



Sukkang Keerai - Rumex Vesicarius


Musumusukkai keerai -MukiaMaderaspatana



Aaraik Keerai - Marsilea Quadrifolia

Thoodhuvalai keerai - Solanum Trilobactum



Vegetables
Yam (elephant foot) - Karunai Kizhangu
Long green capsicum  - Bajji milagai


Shallots   -  Chinna vengayam

Dry fruits and nuts
Apricot kernels

Sesame seeds(black) - Ellu (karuppu)

Sesame seeds(white) - Ellu (vellai)


Akrut  -Walnut


Sunflower seed      - surya kanthi vidhai




 Pine Nuts

Pecans



Al Pakoda with its seed
Millet
Kambu  - Pearl Millet
Cholam - Sorghum/Jowar

Thinai - Foxtail millet ( without skin)

Thinai - Foxtail millet (with skin)

Ragi/Finger Millet - Kelvaragu

Barnyard Millet - Kuthiraivali arisi


Rice
Sevapparisi - Red puttu rice


Kavuni arisi - Black puttu rice/Black sticky rice


Kaikuthal arisi - Hand pound par boiled rice

Seeraga samba rice

Gandhakasala Rice

Matta Arisi Noi- Broken matta rice

Thooyamalli Arisi 

Navara Rice

Samba Kodumai - Whole wheat

Udaitha Makkacholam - Broken Corn


Little Millet - Saamai

 Kodo Millet - Varagu
Barnyard Millet - Kuthiraivali Arisi

 Red rice - Mappillai Samba

Bamboorice -  Moongil Arisi


 Flax seeds - Aali Vidhai

 Horse Gram - Kollu

Barley - Barley/Vaalkodumai

Amaranth seeds -Thandukeerai Vidai

Medicinal ingredients - Marundhu porutkal

Chebulic Myrobalan - Kadukkai 

Dried Ginger - Sukku

Alpinia Galangal/Lesser Galangal - Chithirathai

Liquorice - Adhimathuram

Black Salt - Indhuppu

Edible Almond tree gum - Badam pisin

Vetiver

Nannari - Roots of Sarasaparilla


Ayurvedic Ingredients



Spring onion       - vengaya thaal
Raw rice             - Pacharisi
Asafoetida          - Perungayam
Par boiled rice    -Puzhungal arisi
Besan Flour        - Kadalai mavu
Cornflour            - vellai sola mavu



Did you know,

Non- stick pans release chemicals on heating which causes cancer;  Instead iron tavas can be used which is good for health.

Plastic or melamine products  release chemicals when hot food comes in contact with plastic, which cause cancer and plastic containers also slowly release chemicals which gets mixed up with the food stored.

Food cooked on direct fire causes cancer; 
For example, cooking in tandoors and making phulkas; instead phulkas can be made on a tava which gives the same result. 

Aluminium foil used to pack food or  in baking or other forms of cooking, causes cancer; 
Instead, baking paper can be used and banana leaf heated slightly over heat to make it pliable or mantharai ilai can be used to pack food.

Microwave cooking is also allegedly believed to be unhealthy.

Food colours ( generally called kesari powder ) are carcinogenic as they contain chemicals meant for dyeing clothes.


12 comments:

  1. We got introduced to some of the grains which we are not aware of. Thank you and please add nutritional value of those which will be helpful. GOOD JOB !

    ReplyDelete
  2. A tremendous Healthy Food grains listed ...,

    My kind advice is to spread the necessity of these to all peoples ..., - Sudhakar

    ReplyDelete
  3. thankyou so much for the information verygood

    ReplyDelete
  4. very good job ...please continue it .

    ReplyDelete
  5. An eye opener on the terminology of the various food and ingredients. Adding photos to the terms was very very helpful!

    ReplyDelete
  6. Very nice.... Even I dont know so many items and names. Now only I learn these things. Thank you.

    ReplyDelete
  7. A very useful list to understand cross language recipes. The photos are a stroke of genius !

    ReplyDelete
  8. U didn't refer tipili in Ayurvedic... which is used in cooking too...:) btw super glossary with pics..:) s[ecially on the millets..... I always get confused with them..

    ReplyDelete
  9. vendaya keerai has been written as arai keerai

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. It is neither vendhaya keerai nor Araikkeerai, it is called 'Aaraikkeerai’.

      Delete
  10. thank you very much

    ReplyDelete

Tell me what you think
Hiya all,
Finally on this day of october the 1st, 2012, I have decided to include the comment form, after a long gap of two years. But, I am going to be a bit selfish here and keep all those nice and lovely things that is said for me and only me to cherish and will be sharing any queries that requires clarifications and your experience about the food if you have tried my recipes. So, drop in a word if you have anything to say and thanks a lot for stopping by.
"Have a nice day"

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